According to the legend Vysehrad Castle was the site of the first people who settled down in here to the place which later became the capital of the state. However, there are no facts about this deed.
About Vysehrad castle
Vysehrad means the upper castle in English and it used to serve as a historical fort which was situated in the city of Prague. The history of the fort dates back to the 10th century and its site was over the Vltava River. It is located in the castle of Basilica of St Peter and St Paul and Vyšehrad Cemetery too (there are buried important Czech people, for example Antonín Dvořák, Bedřich Smetana, Karel Čapek or Alphonse Mucha). In the area visitors can admire the oldest building in the city which is the Rotunda of St Martin which dates back to the 11th century.
History of Vysehrad Castle
In the 10th century the Přemyslid dynasty settled down in the place where later the Prague Castle was built. The second seat of the Czech sovereigns was built on a steep roc above the right bank of the Vltava River and this was in the 10th century. In the 11th century the sovereign Vratislav transferred his seat from the Prague Castle to Vyšehrad and the new fort was remodelled to suit his needs of the residence, church, or the seat of the chapter. Unfortunately prince Soběslav moved back to the Prague Castle in 1140 and the importance of this place was not as big. In the 14th century during the reign of Charles IV the Prague Castle was rebuilt and Vyšehrad became a royal home again. So the comlex was moderned with the new fortifications. During the Hussite Wars Vyšehrad was conquered and it became ruined. In the 17th century the renovation became and after the Thirty Years’ War it was rebuilt to the Baroque style.