The German occupation of Czechoslovakia was between 1938 and 1945. This started with the Nazi annexation of the borders which are in the north and in the west – these regions are commonly named as the Sudetenland.

Sudetenland – The following deeds

In addition, this act was outlined by the Munich Agreement. This was the great victory of Adolf Hitler (German leader) who desired for joining the ethnic German population which lived in here. The Anschluss of Austria preceded and Hitler incorporated the Sudetenland into Germany. Thus deed weakened Czechoslovakia very much and when German Wehrmacht rushed into the remaining Czechoslovakia, Hitler declared Bohemia and Moravia to be the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.

Sudetenland was important part of Czechoslovakia for the banks, heavy industry, and border defences

Sudetenland Definition

Sudetenland Map 1938
Sudetenland Map 1938

The name is of the German origin and this connects to the northern, southwest, and western areas of former Czechoslovakia (namely Karlovy Vary, Liberec, Olomouc, Moravia-Silesia, Ústí nad Labem). These parts were largely inhabited by ethnic German speakers, specifically the border districts of Bohemia, Moravia, and Silesia. The name is derived from the Sudetes Mountains that are located along the northern Czech border to Silesia and Poland. The word Sudetenland was used at the early 20th century when Austria-Hungary was dismembered and the Sudeten Germans found living in Czechoslovakia. Sudeten crisis rose in 1938 when the Nazis demanded the Sudetenland to be annexed to Germany which became true after Munich Agreement.

The Munich Agreement for Sudetenland

This agreement allowed Nazi Germany’s annexation of the Czechoslovakia’s borders which were mainly inhabited by Germans. The agreement was signed on 30th September 1938 in order the Sudetenland to be joined with Germany. Sudetenland was important part of Czechoslovakia for the banks, heavy industry, and border defences. The agreement was signed by Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Italy.

The military alliance of Czechoslovakia, France and Britain proved to be useless and thus the phrase “About us, without us!” is very common for the “Munich Betrayal”.