Czech Republic is one of the few European countries which still uses their national – Czech currency. Of course, it´s possible to pay with Euro in most of the big cities including Prague, but it´s good to know Czech banknotes and coins.
History of Czech currency
Czech Crown (Kč or CZK in short) is there since 1993 when Czechoslovakia divided into Czech and Slovak republic, each creating their own currency. Slovak crown exists no more as Slovakia accepted Euro in 2008, but Czech crown is still there. One crown is divided to 100 hellers, but you will only notice this in shops where the prices are rounded before payment. Heller coins are no longer used, because their value was so low that Czech National bank decided to stop using them.
Do not let the exchange office change your money at unprofitable exchange rate!
Not all but several exchange offices do not charge their customers for fees but if you change some lower sum of money you will be charged according to the unreasonably low exchange rate, for example twenty-three Czech crowns (instead of advertised 25,00 Czech crowns) which makes the whole transaction not profitable but in fact losing. This behaviour is at the edge of the fraudulent techniques that you can come into the streets.
Czech currency: Czech banknotes
Never change a money on a street. Please control every banknote! All of them have “KORUN ČESKÝCH” on second line! If not – dont take it!
Each of the six Czech banknotes shows one of the famous historical Czech persons on the front side, while the back side, features other, picture connected with the person.
-100 crowns banknote is green with Charles IV. on the front side. The back side shows seal of Charles university in Prague.
-200 crowns banknote is brown-orange with John Amos Comenius (famous teacher from the middle age) on the front side. The back side shows hand giving Comenius´s book to other hand.
-500 crowns banknote is pink-brown with Božena Němcová, famous Czech writer on the front side. The back side shows woman, symbolizing woman characters in her books.
-1000 crowns banknote shows František Palacký, historian and politician from 19th century. The banknote is violet with Kroměříž castle on the back side.
-2000 crowns, is green and shows Emma Destinová, Czech singer. The back side shows musical motives.
-5000 crowns, is the biggest Czech banknote, showing Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, first president of Czechoslovakia. The back side shows historical buildings of Prague.
Czech currency: Czech coins
There are totally 6 coins in Czech Republic with value from 1 crown to 50 crowns. All of them are magnetic. The back side of the coin always shows Czech lion with sign Česká Republika and year of minting.
-1 crown coin is perfectly round with 80 milles around. It´s made of nickel plated steel and it´s the smallest unit of CZK. It features St. Wenceslas crown in the front side and Czech lion on the back side.
-2 crowns coin is 11-sided, made of nickel plated steel. The front side features button jewel from age of Great Moravia, back side shows lion again.
-5 crowns coin is round with plain edge. The front side shows Charles Bridge in Prague.
-10 crowns coin is made of copper plated steel and has round and milled edge. There are two variations of this coin, one of them shows Cathedral of St. Peter and Paul in Brno, the second shows clockwork.
-20 crowns coin is made of brass plated steel and it has rounded and plain edge. The front side shows St. Wenceslas on his horse with sign that means “St. Wenceslas, don´t let our and futures generations die” in translation.
-50 crowns coin is made of combination of copper and brass plated steel and it´s the only double-material Czech coin. The front side features Prague.