Macocha Abyss with its depth of 138 metres belongs to the biggest gorge not only in the Czech Republic but also in Central Europe. The visitors of this breath-taking view can admire the abyss from two platforms. One is Upper Bridge which was erected in 1882 and the other one is rather smaller and thus it is named Lower Bridge. The Lower Bridge was constructed in 1899 and you can even watch the bottom of the Macocha Abyss from this spot.
Macocha Abyss is the biggest gorge not only in the Czech Republic but also in Central Europe
Information about Macocha Abyss and Punkva Caves
The Abyss named Macocha was called so in the 17th century and it was made by fall of ceiling of a large cave hole. For this reason the bottom of the abyss is fulfilled by debris. The River named Punkva is rising in this places and the river makes Horní or Upper and Dolní or Lower lake. The River Punkva is made of some little brooks that flow together to the large river in the underground. The river flows from the northern area of Moravian Karst to the eastern one. The river can be seen in Macocha Abyss, however, the rest of it is hidden in Punkva Caves. The length of the cave complex is about 30 kilometres and it is mainly filled with water.
History of the area of Macocha Abyss
Thanks to Lazar Schopper who was the monk of minor monastery in 1723 the first exploration into Macocha Abyss was done. In 1856 MUDr. JIndřich Wankel get to the bottom of Macocha Abyss and in 1901 the systematic exploration of Macocha Abyss began (so the connection between the abyss and caves was made). Public was able to explore the Punkva Cave in 1914 and later water cruise started.